Async await in JavaScript

The function that is declared with the async keyword is known as the async function in JavaScript. The await keyword is used inside the async function to make the asynchronous code to be written simple way.

Async await allows developers to avoid complex promise chains.

Following are some facts about Async await in JavaScript:

async function always returns promise

   async function getUsername() { return "Joe Smith" };
   console.log(getUsername());
   // Ouput : Promise {: "Joe Smith"}

We can use then chain with async function

   async function getUsername() { return "Joe Smith" };
   getUsername().then((name) => console.log(name));
   // Ouput : Joe Smith

Explicitly return promise from async

    async function getUsername() {
        return Promise.resolve('Joe Smith');
    };
    getUsername().then((name) => console.log(name));
    // Ouput : Joe Smith

Await operator

The await operator works inside an async function and is used to wait for a Promise or an expression until that promise settles and returns the result.

Example of async/await systax

    async function getUser() {
        const result = {};
        const promise = new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
            setTimeout(() => resolve('Joe Smith'), 1000)
        });
        result['name'] = await promise;
        result['email'] = '[email protected]';

        return result;
    }
    getUser().then((obj) => console.log(obj));
    // Output: {name: "Joe Smith", email: "[email protected]"}

In the above getUser function, we are expecting a user object but the user name is a promise that needs to be resolved to get the full user object. In this case, we can easily use an await operator to resolved the promise first and then return the user object.

Without await keyword

    async function getUser() {
        const result = {};
        const promise = new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
            setTimeout(() => resolve('Joe Smith'), 1000)
        });
        result['name'] = promise;
        result['email'] = '[email protected]';

        return result;
    }
    getUser().then((obj) => console.log(obj));
    // Output: {name: Promise, email: "[email protected]"}

Without await keyword the user name returns with a promise that resolves later.

await can not be used with regular functions

    function getUser() {
        await new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
            setTimeout(() => resolve('Joe Smith'), 1000)
        });
    }
    getUser().then((name) => console.log(name));
    // Error: Uncaught SyntaxError: await is only valid in async functions and the top-level bodies of modules

If we try to use await keyword with a regular function then it throws a syntax error.

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