Zip is the most widely used archive file format that supports lossless data compression.
Facts about zip files:
- A Zip file is a data container containing one or more compressed files or directories.
- Compressed (zipped) files take up less disk space and can be transferred from one to another machine more quickly than uncompressed files.
- Zip files can be easily extracted in Windows, macOS, and Linux using the utilities available for all operating systems.
How to zip files and directories?
$ zip index.zip index.html, index.php
If we want to add multiple files, directories, and subdirectories in the same archive:
$ zip -r index.zip index.html, index.php, index_directory