What is insulin? What are the rules of using insulin?

What is insulin?

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas. Insulin allows your body to use glucose for energy. Glucose is a type of sugar that is found in carbohydrates.

After meals, carbohydrates are broken down in our digestive tract and converted into glucose. That glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream through the lining of our small intestine.

Insulin signals the bloodstream to absorb glucose and use it for energy.

Insulin also helps balance blood glucose levels. When there is too much glucose in the bloodstream, insulin tells the body to store the remaining glucose in the liver. The stored glucose is not released from the liver until the level of glucose in the blood is reduced.

And when our body i.e. pancreas cannot make insulin then we have to take insulin by injection.

Insulin Injection Use Rules:

Below are the exact rules for using insulin injections –

To use insulin injections, you must first wash your hands thoroughly. Then the injection should be thoroughly cleaned with water. Wait until the injection dries.
Insulin should be taken at room temperature. If the insulin is in the fridge, take it out 30 minutes before the injection.
If the insulin becomes turbid, the insulin pen should be placed at least 20 times on the palm of the hand, rotated or held up and down by the fingers, and mix well.
The face of insulin should be wiped well and if there is an old needle, it should be opened and a new needle should be inserted.
Then adjust the amount of insulin you need to give.
Insulin should be given by folding the skin with two fingers and lifting it a little.
The needle should be inserted vertically into the folded skin with two fingers. Then the injection process is completed by pressing on the pen device. At the end of the injection, it is necessary to check whether the indicator of the pen has gone to zero (0). If the pen indicator moves to zero (0) then you know that the injection process is done.
Remember, once the insulin is given, the pen needle will not come out immediately. Leave the needle out of the skin vertically for 2-3 seconds.
When the needle is used, it should be stored in a safe place and not in a certain place.
Remember, food must be taken within the specified time of taking insulin.