The word tar stands for tape achieve. Tar is mainly used tape drive backup used by the Linux/Unix system. It allows us to quickly access a collection of files.
It also allows highly compressed archive files commonly known as tarball, or tar, gzip, and bzip in Linux.
Create a gzip tar file
# Create a gzip file using tar command $ tar -czf archive.tar.gz /htdocs /sql
Create a gzip tar file but exclude one directory
# Exclude one directory $ tar -pczf archive.tar.gz --exclude "/home/user/htdocs/tmp/" /home/user/htdocs/