What is a postmortem?
An attempt to determine the cause of death by analyzing the corpse in the event of an abnormal death is called postmortem. The term postmortem is also referred to as autopsy, necrosis, etc.
Postmortem is the method of finding the cause of an abnormal or mysterious death of a person. Also called ‘autopsy’ in Greek. The word autopsy comes from Urdu. Which means to search well.
Why postmortem or autopsy is done?
An autopsy is performed to determine the cause of death. If a person dies unnaturally or if there is any suspicion about his or her death, an autopsy is performed to determine the exact cause of death. This is done by analyzing the corpse and trying to understand exactly how he or she died.
Many times samples of various organs inside the body are collected and examined. For example, DNA is matched in case of rape allegations. Again, on the basis of the viscera report on allegations such as suicide, it is understood whether there was an incident of poisoning.
In many cases, if a person dies due to illness, then if there is a controversy over that death, then the postmortem that is done is called clinical postmortem.
How is postmortem done?
The doctor investigating the autopsy room or morgue first analyzes the external condition of the corpse. Trying to find out the cause of death by looking at the body for any injuries or wounds, skin and tongue color, etc.
The body is then dissected and examined inside the body including the brain, lungs, and liver. If there is any injury or poisoning inside the body, the doctors can understand it. If there is a sign of injury somewhere, how it happened can be understood through this process of the autopsy.
Doctors were forced to cut off various parts of the corpse to complete this task. For this, various organs of the body are collected and sent to the lab for testing.