Osteoporosis: Causes and symptoms

Osteoporosis is a disease of the bones caused by a lack of calcium. Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bone density decreases, the bones become lighter and more fragile, and the risk of fractures increases.

Osteoporosis is one of the diseases that starts to take root in our body as we get older. Osteoporosis-related fractures are most common in the back, wrist, or spine.

As the bone density begins to decrease, the amount of calcium in the bones decreases, and the normal structure of the bone is lost. As a result, diseases like osteoporosis starts in the body. Let’s find out now about the causes and symptoms of osteoporosis.

Causes of Osteoporosis

Below are the causes of osteoporosis –

  • Due to lack of calcium in the body.
  • Due to the lack of estrogen hormone in the body of women.
  • Due to lack of testosterone hormone in male body.
  • Due to lack of vitamin-D in the body.
  • Due to thyroid and parathyroid gland problems in the body.
  • Genetic or hereditary diseases such as bone cancer can lead to osteoporosis.

Symptoms of osteoporosis

Below are the symptoms of osteoporosis –

  • If you have had neck and back pain for a long time.
  • It is very easy to break bones (spine, waist, or wrist bones) in different parts of the body.
  • If there is pain in the bones and muscles for a long time.
  • Bone thickness decreases.
  • Muscle strength decreases.
  • If the body is slowly squatting, it should be understood that it is affected by osteoporosis.