Mushrooms come in different sizes and colors. They are also quite healthy and delicious. It have been used in cooking in many different cultures for many years. Mushrooms can be cooked and eaten like meat and also eaten with vegetables.
The ancient Romans considered mushrooms to be “food for God.” Mushroom in English: mushroom Scientific name: Aggaricus bisporus.
There are many species of mushrooms and not all species are suitable for human consumption. Mushroom scientists say 50 percent of the mushroom species are edible and the remaining 50 percent are inedible.
The health benefits of mushrooms
Mushrooms play a vital role in diabetes, cancer, disease prevention, and weight loss. It is good food for diabetics as it is low in fat and sugar and high in fiber. The health benefits of eating mushrooms are discussed below –
Mushrooms are rich in vitamin “B”:
Mushrooms contain riboflavin (B-2), folate (B-9), thiamine (B-1), pantothenic acid (B-5), niacin (B-3). Vitamin “B” converts food into energy and helps in the formation of red blood cells. Several vitamins “B” are important for increasing brain function.
The choline in mushrooms can also help increase muscle movement and memory.
According to the National Cancer Institute, the antioxidants in mushrooms can help prevent lung cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, and many other types of cancer. Some sources say that selenium in mushrooms can help prevent cancer.
Reduces the risk of developing diabetes:
Dietary fiber can help improve a number of health conditions, including type 2 diabetes. A 2016 review found that people who ate a high-fiber diet had a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Because fiber helps lower blood glucose levels. 70 grams of mushrooms contain about 1 gram of fiber.
Good for the heart:
The fiber, potassium, and vitamin “C” in mushrooms can contribute to cardiovascular health. Potassium helps control blood pressure, can reduce the risk of high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease.
The American Heart Association recommends reducing the amount of salt in the diet and eating more potassium-rich foods. According to current guidelines, people should take about 4,700 mg of potassium daily. Mushrooms are a good source of potassium. So mushrooms are good for the heart.
Copper helps our body make red blood cells, which are used to supply oxygen throughout the body. The mineral is important for maintaining bone health, nerve health as well as other processes in the body. Even after cooking, 1 cup of mushrooms can fill about one-third of the daily required copper.
Good for pregnant women:
Many women take folic acid (folate) as a supplement during pregnancy to maintain the health of the fetus. Mushrooms are a good source of folate. One cup of mushrooms contains 16.3 micrograms of folate. This is why mushrooms are good for pregnant women.
Good for bone health:
Mushrooms are rich in calcium which is an essential nutrient for bone health. Regular mushroom eating habits help reduce bone infections, joint pain, and other bone loss disorders. Having plenty of calcium helps mushrooms increase our bone strength.
Some wild mushrooms are poisonous. For this reason, it is necessary to eat mushrooms after seeing the species suitable for human consumption.